In a cyber-physical system (CPS), mechanical components are interconnected via networks and modern information technology. They enable the management and control of complex systems and infrastructures.
The components of cyber-physical systems include mobile equipment as well as stationary machines, plants and robots. For Industry 4.0, CPS are taking on a central role.
The functional principle is based on sensors, actuators and networked software. Sensors provide measurement data from the physical world and report it via networks to software that processes it. This results in the control data that the software passes on to actuators via the network. Cyber-physical systems are characterized by a high degree of complexity and are used, for example, for the realization of intelligent power grids, modern production plants or in medical technology.